D001 Estado de Protección Temporal de Haití

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Día -120
(3/6)
N/A N/A Resolución presentada

Se resuelve, con la aprobación de la Cámara de __________, Que esta 79a Convención General de la Iglesia Episcopal reconozca que una prórroga de seis meses no permitirá a los beneficiarios del Estatus de Protección Temporal de Haitianos (TPS) que viven en los Estados Unidos obtener documentos de viaje y hacer otros arreglos necesarios para su salida definitiva de los Estados Unidos, y tampoco proporcionará al gobierno haitiano el tiempo que necesita para prepararse para la futura repatriación de todos los beneficiarios actuales del TPS; y asimismo


Se resuelve, Que esta 79a Convención General de la Iglesia Episcopal reconozca que los argumentos para prolongar este estado "temporal" hicieron hincapié en que Haití no está en condiciones de recuperar las aproximadamente 50,000 personas que se benefician de este programa de amnistía y que no es como si al caducar la amnistía caducara significa que los 50,000 serían arrestados y enviados a su casa al día siguiente. Más bien, todos simplemente regresarían a su estado anterior, en su mayoría inmigrantes ilegales, además de algunos que estaban aquí con visas de estudiante o turistas cuando ocurrió el terremoto. Aquellos que eran ilegales y llamaron la atención del ICE serían deportados, al igual que otros inmigrantes ilegales haitianos; y asimismo


Se resuelve, Que esta 79a Convención General de la Iglesia Episcopal solicite que la Administración prolongue la designación de TPS para los haitianos por otros 18 meses.

Explicación

The Trump administration has decided the designation of "Temporary Protected Status” (TPS) for Haitians who were here illegally or on a visitor visa at the time of the 2010 earthquake would be extended yet again, but for only six months; and
TPS is far from a permanent solution to the vast challenges facing Haitian immigrants and Haiti itself, it offers an important refuge for a group that has been victimized by natural disasters and harmful Western interventions; and
The Caribbean nation had yet to fully recover from the 2010 earthquake when contamination at a UN base caused a cholera epidemic that has killed 10,000 people and, last October, Hurricane Matthew ripped through the country, killing hundreds more, destroying crops and homes, and displacing thousands; and
After the earthquake, the Obama administration gave Haiti a Temporary Protected Status designation. First introduced in 1990, the TPS program provides humanitarian relief to nationals of countries coping with a severe conflict or natural disaster. By providing recipients with legal status and work authorization, TPS designations—typically granted in 6- to 18-month cycles that can be renewed indefinitely—have become a crucial means of aiding people who face unsafe conditions should they be sent back to their home country; and
The TPS program has allowed thousands of Haitian immigrants to work and children to attend school, providing social and economic stability for families and communities; and
In May of 2017, the Associated Press reported that the Administration was looking for evidence of crimes by Haitians in the United States and trying to tabulate how many TPS holders had used public benefits, potentially as fodder to justify ending TPS. The requests for criminal information—which coincided with the launch of a DHS office that will focus on crimes committed by immigrants—are particularly unorthodox; and
The behavior of TPS recipients has never factored into the decision on a country's designation, and even if it did, criminal history is already a criterion in determining whether a TPS applicant qualifies for the program; and
America has a moral obligation to support Haitian immigrants by extending Temporary Protected Status without delay and the Department of Homeland Security must also fundamentally alter its perception of black immigrants as criminals and instead implement long term programs that allow immigrant families to live and thrive in the U.S.; and
This decision is a sounding alarm for what’s to come in the fight against the current administration’s intensifying criminalization of Black people and immigrants. The Department of Homeland of Security’s recent hunt for evidence of crimes committed by Haitian immigrants was not only unorthodox but also shows the determination of officials to carry out it’s racist and xenophobic immigration policy; and
The unprecedented request for criminal data for Haitians protected by TPS suggests that we can only predict that there will be more policies that will expand the criminalization of black and brown communities; and
The U.S. has a long history of providing protection and assistance to persons affected by natural disasters, and those experiencing humanitarian crisis and fleeing violence. The current administration has sent a signal around the world that those seeking humanitarian protection are not welcome in this country; and
Extending TPS for Haitians for only six months only foreshadows negative outcomes for other groups in the United States who have fled from crisis. Some 13 countries are currently designated for TPS status, including Honduras, El Salvador, Nepal, Nicaragua, Somalia, Syria, Yemen, and both Sudan and South Sudan up for renewal later this year. The decision has sent a message to other groups that there is reasonable fear in losing their TPS status as well; and
Losing TPS could have ripple effects beyond the Haitians currently in the program. According to a recent report from the Immigrant Legal Resource Center, if Honduras, El Salvador, and Haiti—the three countries with the largest number of TPS recipients—are all removed from the program, the US economy would lose $45.2 billion over the next decade. And it could cost some $3.1 billion to deport all TPS holders from those three countries, according to the report; and
In December of 2016, at the request of Secretary of State John Kerry, the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) recommended that Haiti's TPS designation be extended. "While Haiti continues to make progress in a variety of fields, the pace and scope of recovery has been uneven, and the country remains vulnerable to external shocks and internal fragility," the agency noted. "Many of the conditions prompting the original January 2010 TPS designation persist;" and
No TPS grant to a large group of people has ever been allowed to end.


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